Sport in Freiburg

Freiburg is home to football team SC Freiburg that plays at the Badenova-Stadion. In the 2010–2011 season, the team competed in the Fußball-Bundesliga. Freiburger FC is a football club that had early success in the 20th century, but that now competes in lower divisions.

Freiburg also has the HC Freiburg Ice hockey team, that plays at the Franz-Siegel Halle, and the RC Freiburg Rugby union team, that competes in the Regionalliga Baden Wurttemberg.

SC Freiburg

Sport-Club Freiburg, commonly known as SC Freiburg, is a German association football club, based in the city of Freiburg im Breisgau, Baden-Württemberg. Volker Finke, who was the club's manager between 1991 and 2007, was the longest-serving manager in the history of professional football in Germany.

The club traces its origins to a pair of clubs founded in 1904: Freiburger Fußballverein 04 was organised in March of that year; FC Schwalbe Freiburg just two months later. Both clubs underwent name changes, with Schwalbe becoming FC Mars in 1905, Mars becoming Union Freiburg in 1906, and FV 04 Freiburg becoming Sportverein Freiburg 04 in 1909. Three years later, SV and Union formed Sportclub Freiburg, at the same time incorporating the griffin head.

In 1918, after the devastation of World War I, SC Freiburg entered a temporary arrangement with Freiburger FC to be able to field a full side called KSG Freiburg. The next year, SC Freiburg associated themselves with FT 1844 Freiburg as that club's football department, until 1928 when they left to enter into a stadium-sharing arrangement with PSV (Polizeisportvereins) Freiburg 1924 that lasted until 1930 and the failure of PSV. SC Freiburg then picked up again with FT 1844 Freiburg in 1938. The club managed to play on highest level from 1928, first in the Bezirksliga Baden, then in the Gauliga Baden, from which they were relegated in 1934.

At the end of World War II, Allied occupation authorities disbanded most existing organizations in Germany, including football and sports clubs. The clubs were permitted to reconstitute themselves after about a year, but were required to take on new names in an attempt to disassociate them from the so-recent Nazi past. SC Freiburg was therefore briefly known as VfL Freiburg. By 1950, French-occupation authorities had let up enough to allow the clubs to reclaim their old identities. Finally, in 1952, SC Freiburg left FT Freiburg behind again.

To this point, the history of the club had been characterised by only modest success. Through the 1930s, SC Freiburg played in the Berzirkliga (II), with the occasional turn in the Gauliga Baden (I), and captured a handful of local titles. After World War II, they picked up where they left off, playing in the Amateurliga Südbaden (III).

While only a small club, SC Freiburg became known for the fight and team spirit in their play. This led them to the 2.Bundesliga in 1978–79 where they played for a decade-and-a-half before making the breakthrough to the Bundesliga in 1993–94 under the management of Volker Finke. In their first Bundesliga season Freiburg narrowly avoided relegation. They made an exciting run in their second season at the top level, finishing third, just three points behind champions Borussia Dortmund. It was at this time that they were first nicknamed Breisgau-Brasilianer (literally Breisgau-Brazilians) due to their attractive style of play.

The club's greatest success was reaching the UEFA Cup in 1995 and 2001.

SC Freiburg's first Bundesliga relegation was in 1997, after they finished in 17th position. While they have been relegated three times since first making the Bundesliga, they have twice managed to win immediate promotion back to the top league – but failed to do that in the most recent season, 2005–06. It was the first time since 1992 that Freiburg was playing in the 2. Bundesliga for two consecutive seasons.

Freiburg finished the 2006–07 season in fourth place in the 2nd Bundesliga, missing out on the third automatic-promotion spot on goal difference to MSV Duisburg. They won twelve of their last sixteen league games. They were knocked out of the German Cup in the second round by VfL Wolfsburg on 24 October 2006.

On 20 May 2007, Volker Finke resigned as the club's coach after sixteen years in the job. He was succeeded by Robin Dutt.

On 10 May 2009, SC Freiburg managed to secure promotion into the Bundesliga once again, beating TUS Koblenz in an away game 5–2.

Freiburger FC

Freiburger FC is a German association football club based in Freiburg, Baden-Württemberg. Freiburger FC was a founding Clubs of the DFB (German Football Association) in 1900.

Founded in 1897, this team was for many decades the dominant club in the city. Their early successes included a South German title in their second season and a national championship in 1907. They were also semi-finalists of the Torneo Internazionale Stampa Sportiva, one of the very first international football competitions in the world, in 1908. Those wins would prove to be the apex of their achievement, for while they continued to field respectable sides, they have not since won any significant honours. In 1916, the club managed to win the Südkreis-Liga but the competition was heavily affected by the war and very localised.

The club belonged to, at first, the tier-one Kreisliga Südwest and then the Bezirksliga Baden throughout its existence from 1923 to 1933.

They played mid-table in the Gauliga Baden through the 30's, and after World War II, in the 2nd Oberliga Süd. With the formation of the Bundesliga, Germany's professional football league, in 1963, Freiburg found themselves seeded in the tier II Regionalliga Süd, while their soon to be up-and-coming cousins, SC Freiburg, were playing Amateurliga Südbaden (III). The FFC slipped to that level for three seasons in 1974–77 before playing their way back to 2.Bundesliga. However the team could not draw support and suffered from poor attendance throughout the following five year period spent in the 2nd division. When they were relegated to Amateur Oberliga Baden-Württemberg in 1982, only a saving campaign by fans kept the club out of bankruptcy. In the meantime SC Freiburg was playing exciting football and was solidly entrenched in the 2.Bundesliga on their way to the top flight. Since 1994, the FFC plays in the Verbandsliga Südbaden, interrupted by the 1999–2000 season, when the club dropped to the Landesliga for a year.

Continued financial problems forced Freiburger FC to sell its Mösle-Stadion (capacity 18,000) and enter into a sharing arrangement with Blau-Weiß Wiehre: their former stadium was taken up by SC Freiburg as a youth facility.

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